Part I -- ROOTS AND STRATEGIES OF THE COLD WAR BEFORE REAGAN

Chapter 1 - America's Freedom Faith and The Cold War

Hitler’s National Socialist Revolution, were each profoundly anti-democratic and anti-American in concept and practice. Each suffered from utopian-totalitarian temptations in doctrine and practice and proved militantly regressive, anti-democratic, and anti-humanitarian at home and abroad.

The “War of the American Revolution” and the Wound of Racism. America’s Revolutionary War, also known as the “War of Independence,” replaced Great Britain’s colonial rule with a forward-looking revolution seeking to build on the rights of Englishmen in order to advance human liberty for both present and future generations. This cause had admittedly too long been wounded by the original Constitution’s “3/5 rule,” a founding North-South compromise among the thirteen colonies to count black Americans and for the subsequent continuance of slavery, segregation, and other forms of racial discrimination long after the U.S. Civil War. The American experience demonstrated that the American founding faith and constitutional system made it possible, as the totalitarian Communist faith and system could not, that such injustice and shame could be overcome by legal peaceful means protected by law. The American founding, Constitution, and dream increasingly extended human dignity, rights, and protection, supported by Judeo-Christian faiths and the best principles of Western democratic civilization. A person’s rights were God-given and therefore truly inalienable individual rights. A government’s legitimacy derived from freely given consent as assured in a constitutional government of checks, balances, and law.
 
France—1789 and Lenin’s Revolution—1917. The liberating elements of the American Revolution were opposite and antagonistic to those of three anti-humanitarian and anti-democratic revolutions that haunted the path of Western democratic progress by blocking the path of peaceful reform and pluralistic civil society to gain increased freedom and social justice. The French Revolution of 1789, Lenin’s Bolshevik coup and revolution of 1917–1921, and Hitler’s National Socialist revolution of 1933–1935 derived from collectivist totalitarian interpretations of human nature and social science that in political practice rejected moderation, reform, dialogue, and consent. The dogmatic political blueprints of the three totalitarian revolutions explicitly rejected democratic republican principles and standards of political legitimacy—based on inalienable individual God-given rights, constitutional law, and institutional checks and balances that shaped America’s founding documents and advanced Western civilization. Each set up regressive regimes far more elitist and absolutist than those they had overthrown.
 
France. The leaders of the French Revolution claimed for mankind—not, as America’s founders did, for individual men with unalienable, God-given rights—the abstract rights of “Reason”—a metaphysical substitute for belief in the God they wanted to destroy. They created a statue of Reason as the idol of a secular religion to be worshiped in Notre Dame Cathedral, which they renamed the “Cathedral of Reason.” The concepts and policies of “Reason,” however, required interpretation and judgment to be rendered by a “Directorate” or dictator speaking for the “General Will” of the people, not—as in the case of the American Revolution and Constitution–by a freely elected representative government under the law of a constitution based on inalienable individual rights and gaining its legitimacy from free speech and continuing free elections assured by law. The result was the guillotine, an emperor, and imperial wars.
 
Russia, China, etc. Marx admired not the American Revolution, but the French Revolution in his manifesto proposing a global blueprint for seizing revolutionary power. In Russia, Vladimir Lenin followed Marx’s dubious claim of having discovered a “scientific socialism” based on “iron laws” of History, which followed the model of the German “idealist” philosopher Friedrich Hegel that in Marx’s Communist doctrine was to be interpreted by an elite Communist vanguard party to direct a violent revolution and regime of workers and peasants. In November 1917, Lenin’s Bolshevik faction of Communists overthrew not the Czar, but Russia’s Social Democratic Party-led, Russian Provisional Government, a national coalition that had ended Czarist rule in Russia’s “March Revolution” of 1917. Lenin’s Communist coup brought not democracy, reform, or a humanitarian vision, but cut off such a path for Russia for over seventy years. Over the following years of civil war, collectivization, and regime consolidation, Lenin violently imposed Communist ideology as a secular state religion and assigned the interpretation of History and Communism’s laws and rules (i.e., all political, economic, and social power) to his Communist Party with himself as supreme dictator. He directed a gigantic Leviathan apparatus of nationalized property and people, central planners, commissars, secret police, and labor camps that eliminated democratic dialogue and imprisoned or killed dissidents as traitors. Mao’s revolution in China in 1949 fits within this Marxist-Leninist framework, as do North Korea’s, Cuba’s, and those of the captive nations of Eastern Europe under Soviet rule.
 
[Book pg. 4]

Pages