Chapter 1 - America's Freedom Faith and The Cold War

Hitler’s National Socialism. A third totalitarian revolution, that of Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers Party, was similar to the French and Russian revolutions in its total elimination of individual human rights, democratic political freedoms, religious faith and freedom, individual conscience, and other core principles at the heart of modern Western civilization at its best. Like those revolutions, the National Socialist revolution glorified the national state, nationalized property and planning and imposed a violent secular, indeed pagan, militant ideology and totalitarian system that rejected the Judeo-Christian and democratic principles of Western civilization. Like the French and Russian revolutions, it established a leadership cult, an all-powerful single-party state, and continuous warfare against opposition parties, religious believers, minorities, and neighbors. It should be noted that the Kremlin to this day has never dared call the National Socialists (“Nazis” as abbreviated in German) by their real name, but always described them as “Fascist,” a term used by the (socialist) Benito Mussolini to describe his violent and dictatorial (though not fully totalitarian) party and movement in Italy. Marxist-Leninist ideology and extensive Soviet-Nazi similarities and collaboration are reviewed in Chapter 2 and Chapter 3. Chapter 3 also reviews the collaborative linkage during the Second World War between the Soviet Union and the War’s other “great power” totalitarian regime, Imperial Japan.
2. Key American Founding Documents—Four Early Statements, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution
America’s democratic founding faith and revolution built on human rights and government principles developed in English law, beginning with the Magna Carta in 1215, and drew profoundly on Judeo-Christian religious principles of Divine Providence and divinely inspired human nature, human rights, and natural law.
Early Documents. Three early documents from the colonial period before the American Revolution point particularly clearly to the religious and legal grounding of the American freedom faith and founding. First is the text of The Mayflower Compact—1620, signed November 11, 1620 on the ship Mayflower off the coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts after sailing across the Atlantic from England. An excerpt follows:
Having undertaken, for the glorie of God, and advancemente of ye christian faith and honour of our king & countrie, a voyage to plant the first colonie in the Northerne parts of Virginia. Doe by these presents solemnly & mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant & combine ourselves together into a Civill body politick; for our better ordering, & preservation & furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by vertue hereof to enacte; constitute, and frame such just & equall Lawes, ordinances, Acts, constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meete & convenient for the generall good of the colonie: unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.1
The second document is an excerpt from John Winthrop’s “City upon a Hill” Speech—1630, given aboard the Pilgrims’ ship Arbella sailing from England to the colony at Plymouth. Three and a half centuries later, Ronald Reagan would make frequent references to Winthrop’s invocation of the Biblical vision of “a city upon a hill” adding the word “shining” in the American context.
[A New Covenant] Thus stands the cause between God and us. We are entered into covenant with Him for this work. We have taken out a commission. The Lord hath given us leave to draw our own articles. . . . We have hereupon besought Him of favour and blessing. Now if the Lord shall please to hear us, and bring us in peace to the place we desire, then hath He ratified this covenant and sealed our commission. . . . So shall we keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. The Lord will be our God, and delight to dwell among us, as His own people, and will command a blessing upon us in all our ways. So that we shall see much more of his wisdom, power, goodness and truth, than formerly we have been acquainted with . . . that men shall say of succeeding plantations, “may the Lord make it like that of New England.” For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. . . .
[Moses and the Promised Land] And to shut this discourse with that exhortation of Moses, that faithful servant of the Lord, in his last farewell to Israel, Deut. 30. “Beloved, there is now set before us life and death, good and evil,” in that we are commanded this day to love the Lord our God, and to love one another, to walk in his ways and to keep his Commandments and his ordinance and his laws, and the articles of our Covenant with Him, that we may live and be multiplied, and that the Lord our God may blesse us in the land whither we go to possess it. (headings added)2
[Book pg. 5]