Part I -- ROOTS AND STRATEGIES OF THE COLD WAR BEFORE REAGAN

Chapter 1 - America's Freedom Faith and The Cold War

3. Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln on the Sources and Defense of Liberty
Key statements of American leaders at the most critical times of American history are inscribed in the hearts of its citizenry and on major memorials that testify to the American freedom faith. The statements, like the memorials, sharply contrast with the violent words of Marx, Lenin, and other fallen Communist idols, whose words and cult status are embodied in the tombs and on the statues and portraits that seek to preserve them in Moscow, Beijing, Pyongyang, and other holy places of Communist rule.
 
George Washington was the “Father of His Country” and the Commander in Chief of the colonists’ Continental Army during the six years of Revolutionary War and was elected as the first president (for two terms) of the new republic—the United States of America. A man who turned down a proffered crown, he was a model of leadership and rectitude, greatly admired by the American people. Two of his speeches are cited below.
 
The first, Washington’s First Inaugural Address of April 30, 1789, is noteworthy for its expressions of religious faith underlying his sense of civic responsibility. Readers will note the faith and principles evident in his references to an Almighty Being, Great Author, Invisible Hand, virtue and happiness, rules of right and order, sacred fire of liberty, and divine blessings. Thus:
[Nation and Leadership under God] I have, in obedience to the public summons, repaired to the present station; it would be peculiarly improper to omit in this first official Act, my fervent supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the Universe, who presides in the Councils of Nations, and whose providential aids can supply every human defect, that his benediction may consecrate to the liberties and happiness of the People of the United States, a Government instituted by themselves for these essential purposes: and may enable every instrument employed in its administration to execute with success, the functions allotted to his charge. In tendering this homage to the Great Author of every public and private good I assure myself that it expresses your sentiments not less than my own; nor those of any fellow-citizens at large, less than either. No People can be bound to acknowledge and adore the invisible hand, which conducts the Affairs of men more than those of the People of the United States. . . .
[Sacred Fire of Liberty and Destiny of the Republican Model] . . . There is no truth more thoroughly established, than that there exists in the economy and course of nature, an indissoluble union between virtue and happiness, between duty and advantage, between the genuine maxims of an honest and magnanimous policy, and the solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity: Since we ought to be no less persuaded that the propitious smiles of Heaven, can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itself has ordained: And since the preservation of the sacred fire of liberty, and the destiny of the Republican model of Government, are justly considered as deeply, perhaps as finally, staked, on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people. . . .
[God’s Blessings] . . . I shall take my present leave; but not without resorting once more to the benign parent of the human race, in humble supplication that since he has been pleased to favor the American people, with opportunities for deliberating in perfect tranquility, and dispositions for deciding with unparalleled unanimity on a form of Government, for the security of their Union, and the advancement of their happiness; so his divine blessing may be equally conspicuous in the enlarged views, the temperate consultations, and the wise measures on which the success of this Government must depend. (headings added)9
A second speech, Washington’s Farewell Address of September 19, 1796, speaks further to the theme of America’s freedom faith and the relation of liberty to the U.S. institutions that provide checks and balances on potential abuses of power by “centralized departments” (a state despotism) or by violent factions (see Madison’s Federalist #10 above). Thus:
[Americans’ Common Cause] The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation derived from local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together; the independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and successes. . . .
[Habit and Liberty] . . . In all the changes to which you are invited, remember that time and habit are at least as necessary to fix the true character of governments as of other human institutions; that experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution of a country; that facility in 
[Book pg. 9]

Pages