Part I -- ROOTS AND STRATEGIES OF THE COLD WAR BEFORE REAGAN

Chapter 2 – Marxism-Leninism Communist Roots of the Cold War to the Eve of the Second World War—1848 to 1939

In his Critique and numerous related anti-democratic statements, Marx (like Lenin, Stalin, and other Communists years later) shows that he always considers his prime enemies to be any socialists who disagree with him on the Left, not “class enemies” like the owners of private property i.e., “capitalists” and “bourgeoisie,” who were without question to be politically and physically eliminated once the future Communist “dictatorship of the proletariat” was in power. Marx’s Communist utopia of “scientific socialism,” tolerated no individual rights, religious faiths or conscience, private property, or zones of privacy, like the family, that might challenge the all-encompassing doctrines and demands of the Communist vanguard’s dictatorship. Far from seeking a democratic state that would expand the sphere of thought, freedom, and open-ended science—as America’s founders and revolution did with the call to secure the “blessings of liberty” and the “pursuit of happiness”—Marx required a vanguard and state with a closed dialectic and closed minds fixated on crushing “counter-revolutionary” classes, individuals, heresies, and thoughts.
 
Marx, Prophet of a New Religion. Early in his life, Marx denounced all established religions, including Judaism and Christianity at the heart of Western civilization. He derided all religion as a mythological “superstructure” reflecting economic arrangements and as an “opiate” used cynically to fool and pacify. He preached the necessary elimination, by law and by force, of faith in God and the human soul, sacred scriptures, religious freedom, freedom of conscience, and anything else inconsistent with the Communist dogma of dialectical materialism. To Marx and his militant followers like Lenin and Stalin, these elements were deemed what Marx called dangerous, counter-revolutionary, and anti-Communist “claptrap.” Marx claimed to speak as a secular social scientist utilizing an intellectual and empirical method that had replaced God and “bourgeois” democratic institutions and civil society. In reality, he was locked into mid-nineteenth century ideological concepts requiring social violence, warfare, dictatorship, and terror in the name of a new myth and state religion, a miraculously redemptive earthly utopia called “Communism.” In Marx’s world view, this had to be established by an all-powerful new elite armed with Marxist collectivist blueprints to recreate “malleable” human beings into a new type of man.
 
Marx and Totalitarian Revolutionary Temptations. As Marx’s vision and theories became dogma and his teachings became politically sacred scriptures unenlightened by tolerance of other views and experiences, he became a demonstrably false prophet. He invented a new anti-humanitarian and anti-democratic secular religion with new scriptures, rituals, saints, cults, and heretics far closer to the ultimately tyrannical French Revolution than to the American Revolution. The French Revolution’s goddess of “Reason” presided over a “Directorate” that turned to the guillotine to execute class enemies and heretics. It also led to an emperor (Napoleon) who invaded his country’s neighbors and even distant Russia. Similarly, although a self-proclaimed social scientist, Marx established a new metaphysics and a new “meta-political” religion that assumed a prophet’s mantle of historically mandated authority and infallibility.
 
Toward Lenin’s and Hitler’s “National Socialism.” Although Marx once said “I am not a Marxist,” his doctrines contributed importantly to the overlap in the related power doctrines and myths of “far-Left” and “far-Right” totalitarians of the twentieth century. These included Lenin’s revolutionary Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Stalin’s “peoples’ democratic republics” of captive nations on the left and, on the right, Imperial Japan and Adolf Hitler’s all-powerful Fuehrer (leader), National Socialist Party state, SS forces and “mass organizations” that could only say “yes” and salute “Sieg-Heil” (Victory-Hail) whether in parades or  parliament. Personality cults, secret police, labor and extermination camps, goose-stepping armies, “socialist realist” culture, and new ideological myths marked the twentieth-century totalitarians and continue in a variety of forms to the present day in political theocracies like North Korea, and the ISIS “caliphate.”
 
3. The First World War: America Enters the War for Democracy—April 1917
 
Marx’s nineteenth-century dogmas on crushing all pluralistic or independent elements of civil society foreshadowed the early twentieth century’s totalitarian Marxist-Leninist path that emerged before and during the First World War and became a core of the Cold War.
 
America’s Entry in the First World War and its Efforts Toward a Just Peace. For two and a half years after the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, the American president, Woodrow Wilson, shared the strongly isolationist mood dominant in America and opposed U.S. entry into the war. In that spirit and as long as Wilson and Congress proclaimed U.S. neutrality and limited U.S. action to sending large quantities of food and war material across the Atlantic to Britain and France, no U.S. combat forces were deployed to the battlefields in France and Belgium. By 1915, however, the mood began to change. Germany was sinking not
 
[Book pg. 26]

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